In the city of Ravenna (Italy), between 13 and 14 September 1321, the great Florentine poet Dante Alighieri died.
Dante Alighieri: Italian poet and scholar, author of the Divine Comedy, (originally called Comedìa and later christened Divina by Giovanni Boccaccio), is widely considered the most important poem of the Middle Ages and the greatest literary work in the Italian language.
Between 1292 and 1294 he wrote the Vita Nova, an autobiographical story focused on the relationship between Dante and the "angel woman" Beatrice Portinari.
Very active in the political life of the time, Dante belonged to the white faction of the Guelphs, who despite being linked to the dogmas of the Catholic Church, do not accept the Pope's interference in the interests of the Florentine Republic.
In 1300 he assumed the important political office of Prior of the Arts in his beloved hometown.
Shortly afterwards the Black Guelphs, a faction opposite and rival to that of Dante, conquered Florence thanks to the support of Pope Boniface VIII, the French forces and Charles of Valois. In 1302 Dante is exiled from Florence where he will never return.
During this dark period, Dante wrote the famous Divine Comedy, managing with extreme ability to make tangible the chill of Inferno (Hell), the penances of Purgatorio (Purgatory), the lights and the stars of Paradiso (Heaven), and by describing to the world the events and the struggle of his present.
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