1st January 1766 (242 Years)
Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, son of James VII and II and Mary of Modena, dies. 250 years.
1st January 1793 (215 Years)
Francesco Lazzaro Guardi, Venetian painter of veduta, nobleman, and a member of the Venetian School, died. 225 years.
1st January 1814 (194 Years)
Hong Xiuquan, the Chinese prophet who led the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty, was born. 210 years.
1st January 1863 (145 Years)
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, was born. 155 years
1st January 1863 (145 Years)
Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln. 155 years.
1st January 1864 (144 Years)
Alfred Stieglitz, an American photographer and modern art promoter, was born. 155 years.
1st January 1867 (141 Years)
Jeanne-Marie Lanvin, the a French haute couture fashion designer, was born. 150 years
1st January 1877 (131 Years)
Queen Victoria is proclaimed Empress of India. 140 years
1st January 1892 (116 Years)
Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States. 125 years.
1st January 1895 (113 Years)
John Edgar Hoover, the first Director of the FBI, was born. 125 years.
1st January 1919 (89 Years)
J.D. Salinger, author of The Catcher in the Rye, was born. 100 years
1st January 1927 (81 Years)
Birth of Maurice Béjart, dancer, choreographer and opera director who ran the Béjart Ballet. 90 years
1st January 1959 (49 Years)
The Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro led the Cubans to victory over Fulgencia Batista. 60 years.
2nd January 1557 (451 Years)
Jacopo Carucci, known as Jacopo da Pontormo or simply Pontormo, Italian Mannerist painter and portraitist from the Florentine School, died. 460 years.
2nd January 1891 (117 Years)
Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect who designed the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station, is born. 125 years.
2nd January 1941 (67 Years)
World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales. 75 years.
3rd January 1883 (125 Years)
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, former Prime Minister of the UK and Leader of the Labour Party, was born. 135 years.
3rd January 1892 (116 Years)
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien is born in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State (South Africa). 125 years
3rd January 1907 (101 Years)
Ray Milland, a Welsh actor and director, was born. 110 years.
3rd January 1919 (89 Years)
Frank Duveneck, American portrait painter, was born. 100 years
3rd January 1941 (67 Years)
Henri-Louis Bergson, French philosopher and Nobel prize laureate, dies. 75 years.
3rd January 1959 (49 Years)
President Eisenhower signed proclamation admitting Alaska to the union as the 49th state. 60 years.
3rd January 1967 (41 Years)
Jack Ruby, killer of Lee Harvery Oswald, the assassin of John F. Kennedy, died. 50 years.
4th January 1642 (366 Years)
King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war. 375 years.
4th January 1643 (365 Years)
Sir Isaac Newton, mathematician and scientist, was born. 375 years.
4th January 1847 (161 Years)
Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government. 170 years
4th January 1865 (143 Years)
The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City. 150 years.
4th January 1958 (50 Years)
Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit. 60 years.
4th January 1958 (50 Years)
Sputnik 1, the world's first satellite, falls to Earth from orbit. 60 Years
4th January 1986 (22 Years)
Christopher Isherwood, English novelist and playwright, dies. 30 years.

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