1st January 1766 (253 Years)
Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, son of James VII and II and Mary of Modena, dies. 250 years.
1st January 1793 (226 Years)
Francesco Lazzaro Guardi, Venetian painter of veduta, nobleman, and a member of the Venetian School, died. 225 years.
1st January 1814 (205 Years)
Hong Xiuquan, the Chinese prophet who led the Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty, was born. 210 years.
1st January 1863 (156 Years)
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, was born. 155 years
1st January 1863 (156 Years)
Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln. 155 years.
1st January 1864 (155 Years)
Alfred Stieglitz, an American photographer and modern art promoter, was born. 155 years.
1st January 1867 (152 Years)
Jeanne-Marie Lanvin, the a French haute couture fashion designer, was born. 150 years
1st January 1877 (142 Years)
Queen Victoria is proclaimed Empress of India. 140 years
1st January 1892 (127 Years)
Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States. 125 years.
1st January 1895 (124 Years)
John Edgar Hoover, the first Director of the FBI, was born. 125 years.
1st January 1919 (100 Years)
J.D. Salinger, author of The Catcher in the Rye, was born. 100 years
1st January 1927 (92 Years)
Birth of Maurice Béjart, dancer, choreographer and opera director who ran the Béjart Ballet. 90 years
1st January 1959 (60 Years)
The Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro led the Cubans to victory over Fulgencia Batista. 60 years.
Exact Date Unknown - 1927 (2 Years)
Construction of the R100 airship. 90 years.
Exact Date Unknown - 1952 (2 Years)
The elegant film based on Edward Lear’s nonsense poem is released. 65 years.
Exact date unknown - 1887 (2 Years)
A massive portfolio, with 781 plates comprising 20,000 of the photographs, in a groundbreaking collection titled Animal Locomotion by Eadweard Muybridge, was published. 130 years
Exact date unknown - 1617 (2 Years)
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, one of the most important painters of the Spanish Baroque period, was born. 400 years
2nd January 1557 (462 Years)
Jacopo Carucci, known as Jacopo da Pontormo or simply Pontormo, Italian Mannerist painter and portraitist from the Florentine School, died. 460 years.
2nd January 1891 (128 Years)
Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect who designed the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station, is born. 125 years.
2nd January 1941 (78 Years)
World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales. 75 years.
3rd January 1883 (136 Years)
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, former Prime Minister of the UK and Leader of the Labour Party, was born. 135 years.
3rd January 1892 (127 Years)
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien is born in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State (South Africa). 125 years
3rd January 1907 (112 Years)
Ray Milland, a Welsh actor and director, was born. 110 years.
3rd January 1919 (100 Years)
Frank Duveneck, American portrait painter, was born. 100 years
3rd January 1941 (78 Years)
Henri-Louis Bergson, French philosopher and Nobel prize laureate, dies. 75 years.
3rd January 1959 (60 Years)
President Eisenhower signed proclamation admitting Alaska to the union as the 49th state. 60 years.
3rd January 1967 (52 Years)
Jack Ruby, killer of Lee Harvery Oswald, the assassin of John F. Kennedy, died. 50 years.
4th January 1642 (377 Years)
King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England's slide into civil war. 375 years.
4th January 1643 (376 Years)
Sir Isaac Newton, mathematician and scientist, was born. 375 years.
4th January 1847 (172 Years)
Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government. 170 years

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